online colleges, universities and colleges online, online college education degree, it online colleges, online college info, online college information, doing college online, early childhood education, degree online, best online technical colleges, best online it colleges, online business degree programs, best online colleges and universities, best online college classes, online colleges for business, online college education, completely online college, start online college, fully online colleges, online colleges and universities, top online college courses, online criminal justice degree, online it degree programs, accredited online college courses, best online colleges for business, online social work degree, online masters degree in education, it degree online accredited, great online schools, online psychology degree, local online schools, apply for online college classes, online school degrees, all online college, online school programs college, online colleges near me, start online college today, online graduate schools, popular online schools, accredited online college classes, online colleges accredited, online colleges that offer laptops, online colleges mn, online, colleges kentucky, online colleges kansas, online colleges by cost, online colleges real estate, online colleges starting soon, online colleges engineering, online colleges in california, online colleges cheap, online colleges california, online colleges in alabama, online colleges courses, online colleges colorado, online colleges hiring adjunct faculty, online colleges with low tuition, online colleges texas, online colleges human services, online colleges georgia, online colleges degrees, online colleges uk, online colleges for psychology, online colleges florida, online colleges universities, online colleges for business, online colleges virginia, online colleges employment opportunities, online colleges with financial aid, online colleges business administration, online colleges start anytime, online colleges employment, online colleges louisiana, online colleges nj, online colleges prices, online colleges programs, online colleges missouri, online colleges nursing, online colleges las vegas, online colleges lpn, online colleges oklahoma, online colleges maineonline business degree, affordable accredited online colleges, credible online schools, online colleges for bachelor's degree, online accounting degree, top rated online schools, real online colleges, online colleges for nursing, online elementary education degree, get a college degree online, online college courses near me, good accredited online colleges, online college classes, great online colleges, best online college courses, highest accredited online colleges, accredited online colleges, regionally accredited online colleges, online masters in education, cheapest online college, best online colleges for associates degree, online only schools, online counseling degree, fully accredited online colleges, nationally accredited online schools, reputable online schools, best online it schools, all online schools, good online colleges, online education degree, online schools for education, online college schools, it university online accreditation, virginia college online, online college majors, online only colleges, schools that offer online classes, regionally accredited online schools, it schools online, online college options, accredited online college degrees, legitimate online degrees, great online universities, basic college courses online, regionally accredited online universities, list of online colleges, mba degree online, online teaching degree, a list of online colleges, affordable online colleges, best online college programs, accredited online community colleges, online bachelor degree programs accredited, best online schools for education, accredited online masters degrees, accredited online universities, online summer college courses, online college degree programs, top online it schools, taking online classes in college, individual online college courses accredited, colleges that offer online classes, nationally accredited online colleges, online it degree, online, college programs, best accredited online colleges, accredited bachelor degree online, credible online colleges, 5 week online college courses, online colleges universities, bachelor's degree in education online, find online college courses, online college courses for credit largest online colleges, local online colleges, college degree accreditation, earn a degree online, online school degree programs, list of accredited online colleges, affordable online schools, 4 year, online colleges, earn a bachelor's degree online, online college degrees, good online schools, public online colleges, best online colleges, online undergraduate schools, online college credits, online basic college classes, most accredited online colleges, online school university, online college courses, online 2 year colleges, paralegal degree online, college information, accredited online schools, online degree completion programs, highest rated online colleges, online community college, online degree classes, online school programs, fully accredited online universities, legit online colleges, best online colleges for education, non profit online schools, best online college degrees, top online colleges, reputable online colleges, online and campus colleges, online classes, top 10 accredited online colleges, affordable online degree programs, online college finder, navy college online, accredited online courses for college credit, online schools near me, top rated online colleges and universities, online graduate programs, top online college programs, online bachelor degree programs, cheap online schools, online aa degree, legitimate online colleges, online history degree, top ten online colleges, online finance degree, online christian colleges, online graduate degree programs, online master degree programs, online school classes, online community college classes, nursing degree online, accredited online degrees, accredited online masters programs, community colleges that offer online degrees, certified online colleges, accredited online education degree, going to college online, online college certificates, what's the best online college, online bs degree, accredited online technical colleges, online associates degree, online associate degree programs, online degree programs, best online bachelor degree programs accredited, online schools, community college online courses, number one online college, best online college degree programs, recommended online colleges, programs online colleges, online bachelor's degree, legitimate online schools, online doctoral programs, the best online colleges, clgonline, online university programs, online college reviews, best online schools, go to school online, online computer science degree, take college courses online, online journalism degree, online technical colleges, accredited online degree programs, respected online colleges, colleges, that offer online degrees, online medical degrees, online masters programs, top rated online colleges, 100 online degree programs, fast online degrees, credible online universities, accredited online bachelors degree, online electrical engineering degree, legit online degrees, best nationally accredited online colleges, accelerated online degrees, accredited online colleges and universities, online graduate degrees, doctorate degree online, best accredited online schools. Bitcoins and all you wish to have to Know about them Bitcoin has injected itself amongst many conversations about era, finance and the web and has come far from mysterious foreign money to widely identified medium of alternate. If you wish to have to discover about Bitcoin, listed below are solutions to few questions that may simply pop to your thoughts. Bitcoin Merchant Account,Bitcoin Merchant Services,Bitcoin Mining Cloud Computing,Buy Bitcoin Australia,Buy Stocks With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Mining Gpu,Software Mining Bitcoin,Buy Stock With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Stock Chart,How To Invest In Bitcoin Stock,Bitcoin Call Options,Buy Vpn With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Payment Gateway,Bitcoin Etf,Bitcoin Broker,Bitcoin Trading Account,Gpu Bitcoin Mining Software,Validate Bitcoin Address,Bitcoin Ransomware,Buy Rdp With Bitcoin. Buying Bitcoins Australia,Vps Hosting Bitcoin,Best Bitcoin Cloud Mining,Login To Bitcoin,Buying A Car With Bitcoins,Bitcoin Payment Processor,Domain Registration Bitcoin,Vps Server Bitcoin,Buy Bitcoins Australia,Bitcoin Social Network,Bitcoin Exchange Rate History Graph,Bitcoin Vc Funding,Investing In Bitcoin Stock,Bitcoin Automated Trading,How To Buy Bitcoin Stock,Transfer Bitcoin To Bank Account,Bitcoin Wallet App Android,Banks Accepting Bitcoin,Bitcoin Forex,Bitcoin Website Hosting,Bitcoin Market Crash,Bitcoin Forex Broker,Bitcoin Webhosting,Web Hosting Bitcoin, What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is a kind of virtual foreign money, which is online-only choice type of foreign money. There isn’t any intermediary – that suggests no banks! The fundamental concept is that you’ll make bills with out third-party like the federal government or financial institution. With no central authority, two folks can transact freely any place on the earth, with out a charges or checking account. The concept at the back of Bitcoin is to take the facility out of palms of the federal government and central bankers, who regulate the glide. Do folks even use Bitcoin? Yes. Although Bitcoin is a brand new phenomenon, it’s rising speedy. Email we could us ship mails any place without spending a dime; Skype we could us name any place without spending a dime, now there’s Bitcoin. It means that you can ship cash any place on-line. Growing choice of companies are the use of Bitcoin, together with brick and mortar companies, on-line products and services akin to WordPress and Reddit. So a ways the skeptics are unsuitable in that Bitcoins can’t paintings: The fresh worth development obviously explains all of it. Bitcoins can be sooner or later followed in the similar approach the computer systems had been followed. Who created Bitcoin? No one is aware of evidently. Not conclusively. The concept was once advanced by means of Satoshi Nakamoto, who is living in entire anonymity. While the title sounds Japanese, the writer by no means supplied any more or less private element. He collaborated with folks via on-line boards however by no means met someone face-to-face. In 2010, he steadily diminished his involvement within the building of this virtual foreign money. However, many suppose that the title is simply the title of a gaggle of folks operating on it in combination. What is it about mining? You will have to have speculated the place Bitcoin comes from and will get into the transmission. The solution to that is that it will get mined into lifestyles. No one is equipped Bitcoin in step with se, you were given to earn them and just a little success too. There had been a large number of currencies which have been emerged within the years however this one has so much new era getting used. Consider bitcoin as a large ledger shared by means of all customers: When you are making transactions via bitcoin, it’s recorded at the ledger. Programs then compete to verify the transaction by means of cracking advanced equations. The winner is rewarded with extra bitcoins. 10-questions-to-ask-before-signing-up-an-online-college
Kisah Pilu ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Cuma 3 Jam, Makan Umpan Ikan, Minum Sulingan Air Laut

Berita Viral dan TerUpdate

Friday

Kisah Pilu ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Cuma 3 Jam, Makan Umpan Ikan, Minum Sulingan Air Laut

Kisah Pilu ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Cuma 3 Jam, Makan Umpan Ikan, Minum Sulingan Air Laut

Kisah Pilu ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Cuma 3 Jam, Makan Umpan Ikan, Minum Sulingan Air Laut


Inilah pengalaman pahit yang dirasakan oleh ABK asal Indonesia yang bekerja di kapal China.

Mirisnya, mereka hanya tidur 3 jam, makan umpan ikan, dan minum air sulingan air laut.

Simak kisah pilu mereka selengkapnya.

Lima orang Anak Buah Kapal (ABK) Indonesia yang bekerja di kapal China Long Xing 629 bercerita kepada BBC News Indonesia mengenai pengalaman mereka bekerja di kapal itu.

Mereka dan sembilan ABK lainnya, yang kini ada di Busan, Korea Selatan, dijadwalkan untuk kembali pulang ke Indonesia Jumat (8/5/2020).

Menteri Luar Negeri Retno Marsudi sebelumnya mengumumkan empat dari ABK yang bekerja di kapal itu meninggal dunia.

Tiga dikuburkan di laut (dilarung), sementara satu orang meninggal dunia di satu fasilitas kesehatan di Busan.

Pemerintah Indonesia meminta pemerintah China menyelidiki kasus ini dan meminta perusahaan kapal itu bertanggung jawab.

Kasus ini juga tengah diselidiki aparat keamanan di Korea Selatan. Inilah kisah yang dituturkan lima ABK dari Busan.


Tidur hanya 3 jam

Para Anak Buah Kapal (ABK) asal Indonesia menceritakan pengalaman mereka selama berada di kapal China. (KFEM via BBC)

Salah satu ABK Indonesia itu, BR, mengatakan ia tidak mampu bekerja di atas kapal ikan berbendera China itu, karena jam kerjanya yang di luar batas.

"Bekerja terus, buat makan (hanya dapat waktu) sekitar 10 menit dan 15 menit. Kami bekerja mulai jam 11 siang sampai jam 4 dan 5 pagi," ujarnya dalam wawancara melalui video online, Kamis (07/05).

"Setiap hari begitu."

Rekannya, MY, 20 tahun, mengatakan hal serupa.

Pria lulusan SMK di Kepulauan Natuna, Riau ini, acap kali "hanya tidur tiga jam". Sisanya membanting tulang mencari ikan.

"Kalau kita ngeburu kerjaan (mencari ikan), kadang kita tidur cuma tiga jam," ungkapnya.

Mereka mengatakan kapten kapal mengharuskan pada ABK Indonesia mencapai "target" ikan dalam jumlah tertentu setiap harinya.

"Mau protes, susah sekali, kita di tengah laut," kata BR.

Sejumlah ABK mengatakan kontrak kerjanya tidak mengatur soal jam kerja.

RV, 27 tahun asal Ambon, Maluku, adalah salah satunya.

"Tidak tertulis soal jam kerja, jadi baru diatur oleh kapten kapal saat di laut," ujar RV.

Namun, ada juga ABK Indonesia, yang diberangkatkan agen lain, yang jam kerjanya diatur di kontrak.

Beberapa sempat menanyakan soal jam kerja, namun tidak berlanjut, karena mengaku "takut dipulangkan".

Meski bekerja membanting tulang, sejumlah ABK itu mengaku gaji mereka belum dibayar.

Makan umpan ikan, minum sulingan air laut


Tidak hanya masalah jam kerja yang di luar batas, NA, 20 tahun, anak buah kapal Long Xin 629 asal Makasar, Sulsel, mengaku 'dianaktirikan' soal makan dan minum.

Menurutnya, ABK yang non-Indonesia mendapat jatah makanan yang "lebih bergizi" ketimbang mereka. "Kita dibedain dengan orang dia."

Di dalam kapal penangkap ikan itu, awalnya ada 20 ABK WNI dan sekitar enam orang adalah ABK asal China.

"Air minumnya, kalau dia minum air mineral, kalau kami minum air sulingan dari air laut," ungkap NA. "Kalau makanan, mereka makan yang segar-segar...," kata NA.

KR, 19 tahun, asal Manado, menambahkan, "Mereka makan enak-enak, kalau kami seringkali makan ikan yang biasanya buat umpan itu."

Melepaskan jenazah


Detik-detik pembuangan jenazah ABK Indonesia ke laut dari kapal China. (YouTube Jong Hansol)

Pengalaman pahit yang sulit mereka lupakan adalah ketika harus melarung empat jenazah rekannya ke lautan lepas.

Upaya mereka agar jenazah "disimpan" di ruang berpendingin, dan kelak dikubur "secara layak" di daratan, ditolak kapten kapal.

Mereka berulang-ulang meminta kepada kapten kapal agar jenazah rekannya itu dikubur saat kapal berlabuh.

"Kami sudah ngotot, tapi kami tidak bisa memaksa, wewenang dari dia [kapten kapal] semua," kata NA.

"Mereka beralasan, kalau mayat dibawah ke daratan, semua negara akan menolaknya," NA menirukan jawaban kapten kapal.

Dihadapkan kenyataan pahit seperti itu, NA dan rekan-rekannya yang beragama Islam, akhirnya hanya bisa memandikan dan menshalati jenazah rekan-rekannya.

"Kami mandikan, salati dan baru 'dibuang'," ungkapnya.

MY mengatakan, hal itu melanggar kontrak ABK, karena di perjanjian awal "[jenazah] ABK bisa dipulangkan."

Minta pemerintah gugat

Baik RV, BR maupun KR, MY maupun NA sepakat bahwa pemerintah Indonesia harus melakukan gugatan hukum kepada pemilik kapal asing.

"Agar kejadian ini tidak terulang lagi," ujar mereka.

Sementara, MY dan NA berharap pengalaman buruk mereka di atas kapal Long Xin 629 tidak dialami warga Indonesia yang tertarik untuk "melaut".

Untuk itulah, mereka mengharapkan agar perusahaan yang mengirimkan calon ABK agar lebih memperhatikan soal hak-hak mereka sebagai ABK.

"Kita kan sudah ada perjanjian, dan ada pelanggaran kayak gini. Kita maunya perusahaan [yang mengirimkan mereka] bersikap lebih tegas," kata MY.

"ABK, pekerjaan berisiko tinggi"

Koordinator ILO Asia Tenggara untuk Proyek Perikanan, Abdul Hakim, mengatakan para pekerja berhak tahu rincian pekerjaan mereka, seperti jam kerja, di kontrak awal.

"Itu pelanggaran," kata Abdul menanggapi pengakuan sejumlah ABK Indonesia yang mengaku kontrak kerjanya tak keterangan itu.

Ia mengatakan harusnya jam kerja hingga hak-hak pekerja untuk beristirahat dicantumkan di kontrak kerja.

Konvensi ILO No 188 Tahun 2007 Mengenai Pekerjaan dalam Penangkapan Ikan, kata Abdul, mengatur ABK berhak beristirahat selama 10 jam sehari pada kapal yang tetap di laut selama tiga hari.

"Problemnya (dalam kasus ini) ada di soal kelelahan, keletihan, dan tidak terjaminnya masa istirahat," ujar Abdul.

Sementara, Menteri Luar Negeri Retno Marsudi mengatakan, ABK di kapal ikan termasuk pekerjaan yang berisiko tinggi.

Ia mengatakan masalah seperti ini, harus diselesaikan dari hulu.

"(Pemerintah) mendorong pengawasan lebih ketat terhadap penyusunan perjanjian kerja laut antara awak kapal dengan pihak pemilik kapal sehingga tidak ada klausul yang merugikan hak-hak awak kapal," ujar Retno.

"Mendorong penegakan hukum terhadap -pihak yang memberangkatkan awak kapal tanpa melalui prosedur. Pelaksanaan hukuman perlu dikedepankan berdasarkan UU 21/2007 tentang tindak pidana perdagangan orang."

Retno mengatakan dalam konferensi pers secara daring (07/05) bahwa pihaknya telah mengadakan komunikasi dengan Dubes Tiongkok terkait kasus itu.

Salah satu yang dituntutnya adalah tanggung jawab dari perusahaan China yang mempekerjakan para ABK.

"Meminta dukungan pemerintah Tiongkok untuk membantu pemenuhan tanggung jawab perusahaan atas hak para awak kapal Indonesia, termasuk pembayaran gaji yang belum dibayarkan dan kondisi kerja yang aman," ujarnya.

Retno mengatakan, pemerintah China mengklaim, mereka akan memastikan agar perusahaan kapal China itu bertanggung jawab untuk mematuhi hukum yang berlaku dan kontrak yang sudah disepakati.

Namun Retno mengatakan pelarungan jenazah ABK Indonesia sudah sesuai dengan standar yang diterapkan ILO.

(*)

Artikel ini telah tayang di Kompas.com dengan judul "Kisah ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Hanya 3 Jam dan Makan "Umpan Ikan"
Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Share on Google+
Tags :

Related : Kisah Pilu ABK Indonesia di Kapal China, Tidur Cuma 3 Jam, Makan Umpan Ikan, Minum Sulingan Air Laut