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Kronologi Lengkap 91 Juta Akun Tokopedia Bocor dan Dijual, Pakar Peringatkan Hal Ini !

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Kronologi Lengkap 91 Juta Akun Tokopedia Bocor dan Dijual, Pakar Peringatkan Hal Ini !

Kronologi Lengkap 91 Juta Akun Tokopedia Bocor dan Dijual, Pakar Peringatkan Hal Ini ! 

Tokopedia dilaporkan mengalami peretasan, bahkan jumlahnya diperkirakan 91 juta akun dan 7 juta akun merchant, tidak lagi 15 juta seperti diberitakan sebelumnya. Padahal di tahun 2019, Tokopedia mengungkapkan bahwa ada sekitar 91 juta akun aktif di platformnya.

Artinya hampir semua akun di Tokopedia berhasil diambil datanya oleh peretas. Pelaku menjual data di darkweb berupa user ID, email, nama lengkap, tanggal lahir, jenis kelamin, nomor handphone dan password yang masih ter-hash atau tersandi.

Semua dijual dengan harga US$5.000 atau sekitar Rp74 juta. Bahkan ada 14.999.896 akun Tokopedia yang datanya saat ini bisa didownload.

Adapun kronologi lengkap bobolnya akun Tokopedia tersebut bermula saat peretas Whysodank pertama kali mempublikasikan hasil peretasan di raid forum pada Sabtu (2/5). Peretasan tersebut terjadi pada 20 Maret 2020.

Kemudian, akun @underthebreach sore harinya pukul 16:15 WIB memcuitkan soal peretasan dan mengaku sebagai layanan pengawasan dan pencegahan kebocoran data asal Israel. Cuitan ini disampaik sembari menyolek akun resmi Tokopedia.

Dalam tangkapan layar yang dibagikan di media sosial disebut kalau peretas masih harus memecahkan algoritma untuk membuka hash dari password para pengguna itu. Peretas pun meminta bantuan peretas lain untuk membuka kunci algoritma itu.

Tangkapan layar berikutnya, akun pembocor informasi ini menyertakan sebagian akun pengguna yang bisa dibuka lewat situs tersebut. Tampak nama, email, dan nomor telepon pengguna muncul di situs.

"Seseorang membocorkan basis data Tokopedia, perusahaan teknologi besar asal Indonesia yang menjalankan Ecommerce," tulis akun tersebut.

"Peretasan dilakukan pada Maret 2020 dan berpengaruh pada 15 juta pengguna, meski peretas menyebut masih banyak lagi. Basis data (yang diretas) termasuk email, hash password, nama," lanjutnya.

Cuitan tersebut langsung ramai ditanggapi pengguna Indonesia. Kemudian, pada Sabtu pukul 21.00 WIB, Tokopedia mengakui ada upaya pencurian data pengguna. Hal ini disampaikan Nuraini Razak, VP of Corporate Communications, Tokopedia terkait isu bocornya data belasan juta akun pengguna Tokopedia.

"Berkaitan dengan isu yang beredar, kami menemukan adanya upaya pencurian data terhadap pengguna Tokopedia, namun Tokopedia memastikan, informasi penting pengguna, seperti password, tetap berhasil terlindungi," tulisnya dalam keterangan resmi, Sabtu (2/4) malam.

"Saat ini, kami terus melakukan investigasi dan belum ada informasi lebih lanjut yang dapat kami sampaikan" lanjutnya.
Keesokan harinya, peretas ShinyHunters memposting thread penjualan 91 juta akun Tokopedia di forum darkweb bernama EmpireMarket, Minggu (3/5). Data dari peretas tersebut mematahkan klaim data peretasan sebelumnya yang menyebut hanya ada 15 juta akun.

Bak gayung bersambut, situs Hackread kemudian mengunggah peretasan 91 juta akun Tokopedia tersebut dan mengungkapkan bahwa akun-akun yang bocor itu dijual dengan harga Rp74 juta.
Pada Mingg (3/5) siang, Tokopedia mengklaim telah memeriksa dan mengkonfirmasi bahwa data pembayaran pengguna yang berupa kartu debit, credit card (CC), rekening dan OVO aman.

"Tidak ada kebocoran data pembayaran. Seluruh transaksi dengan semua metode pembayaran, termasuk informasi kartu debit, kartu kredit dan OVO, di Tokopedia tetap terjaga keamanannya," tegas Nuraini kepada wartawan, Minggu (3/5).

Pakar keamanan siber Pratama Persadha mengatakan data untuk password akun Tokopedia masih dienkripsi, namun tinggal menunggu waktu sampai ada pihak yang bisa membuka.
Itulah kenapa pelaku mau melakukan share gratis beberapa juta akun untuk membuat semacam sandiwara siapa yang berhasil membuka kode acak pada password.

Menurut Pratama, meski password masih dalam bentuk acak, namun data lain sudah plain alias terbuka. Artinya semua peretas bisa memanfaatkan data tersebut untuk melakukan penipuan dan pengambilalihan akun-akun di internet.

Misalnya mengirimkan link phising maupun upaya social engineering lainnya, karena itu seharusnya Tokopedia melakukan update dan informais kepada seluruh penggunanya segera.

"Bila nantinya password sudah berhasil dibukan oleh pelaku, pastinya salah satu yang akan dilakukan adalah takeover akun. Lalu pelaku secara random akan mencoba melakukan take over akun medsos dan marketplace lainnya, karena ada kebiasaan penggunaan password yang sama untuk semua platform," terang Pratama.

Pratama menggarisbawahi yang bisa dilakukan pengguna Tokopedia adalah mengganti password dan mengaktifkan OTP (one time password) lewat SMS. Lalu mengganti semua password dari akun medsos dan platform marketplace selain tokopedia.

"Akibat peretasan Tokopedia ini bisa menjalar ke akun media sosial dan platform lainnya bila menggunakan email dan password yang sama. Terutama bagi admin akun medsos pemerintah dan lembaga harus cepat melakukan pengamanan akun sebagai langkah antisipasi," jelasnya.

Ditambahkan Pratama, saat mendapatkan sampel data dari forum, belum ada data kartu kredit maupun debet yang disebar pelaku. Harapannya data kartu tidak ikut menjadi salah satu yang berhasil diretas.

"Pihak Tokopedia harus bertanggungjawab atas kejadian ini karena data penggunanya diambil dan diperjualbelikan. Pihak Tokopedia wajib secara berulang-ulang, dengan menggunakan segala sarana media yang ada, mensosialisasikan apa saja yang harus dilakukan oleh para penggunanya, seperti ganti password akun dan mengaktifkan OTP, sampai semua penggunanya menyadari kebocoran ini dan mau mengganti password-nya," terang Pratama.

Kejadian ini bukan yang pertama kali di tanah air. Sebelumnya Bukalapak juga mengalami hal serupa. Seharusnya ini menjadi peringatan keras pada setiap penyedia layanan di internet yang memakai banyak data masyarakat dalam kegiatannya.

Penetration test harus sesering mungkin dilakukan untuk mengetahui dimana saja letak celah keamanan. Situs marketplace akan selalu menjadi sasaran para peretas karena banyak menghimpun data masyarakat, terutama kartu kredit, kartu debit dan dompet digital.

"Perkuat pengamanan sistemnya, investasi lebih banyak untuk cyber security. Penggunaan enkripsi harus merata terhadap semua data yang berhubungan dengan user, jangan hanya password seperti saat ini," jelas Pratama.
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Pakar Peringatkan Pembobolan Data di Tokopedia Berpotensi Meluas

Peretasan yang dialami situs belanja daring Tokopedia berpotensi menjalar ke akun media sosial dan platform lainnya. Ini mungkin terjadi jika akun-akun itu menggunakan email dan kata sandi (password) yang sama.

Pakar keamanan siber sekaligus Chairman Lembaga Riset Siber Indonesia CISSReC (Communication & Information System Security Research Center) Pratama Persadha memperingatkan adanya potensi itu, Minggu 3 Mei 2020. "Terutama bagi admin akun medsos pemerintah dan lembaga, harus cepat melakukan pengamanan akun sebagai langkah antisipasi," kata dia.

Pratama menjelaskan bahwa kejadian pembobolan data akun pengguna dan password-nya seperti yang baru terungkap ini harus cepat direspons oleh Tokopedia dan para penggunanya. Menurutnya, ancaman penipuan dan pengambilalihan akun bisa terjadi kapan saja.

"Memang data untuk password masih dienkripsi, namun tinggal menunggu waktu sampai ada pihak yang bisa membuka," katanya sambil menuturkan, "Itulah kenapa pelaku mau share gratis jutaan akun untuk membuat semacam sandiwara siapa yang berhasil membuka kode acak pada password."

Meski password masih dalam bentuk acak, menurut Pratama, data lain sudah terbuka. Artinya, semua peretas bisa memanfaatkan data tersebut untuk melakukan penipuan dan pengambilalihan akun-akun di internet.

Misalnya mengirimkan link phising maupun upaya social engineering lainnya. Itu sebabnya, dia mendorong Tokopedia segera melakukan pembaruan dan sebar informasi kepada seluruh penggunanya.

Bila sampai bisa membobol password, pelaku dipastikannya akan take over akun. Lalu pelaku secara random akan mencoba melakukan take over akun medsos dan marketplace lainnya karena ada kebiasaan penggunaan password yang sama untuk semua platform.

Pratama menggarisbawahi yang bisa dilakukan pengguna Tokopedia adalah mengganti password dan mengaktifkan OTP (one time password) lewat SMS. Lalu mengganti semua password dari akun medsos dan platform marketplace selain Tokopedia.

"Tokopedia wajib secara berulang-ulang, dengan menggunakan segala sarana media yang ada, mensosialisasikan apa saja yang harus dilakukan oleh para penggunanya," kata Pratama.
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