online colleges, universities and colleges online, online college education degree, it online colleges, online college info, online college information, doing college online, early childhood education, degree online, best online technical colleges, best online it colleges, online business degree programs, best online colleges and universities, best online college classes, online colleges for business, online college education, completely online college, start online college, fully online colleges, online colleges and universities, top online college courses, online criminal justice degree, online it degree programs, accredited online college courses, best online colleges for business, online social work degree, online masters degree in education, it degree online accredited, great online schools, online psychology degree, local online schools, apply for online college classes, online school degrees, all online college, online school programs college, online colleges near me, start online college today, online graduate schools, popular online schools, accredited online college classes, online colleges accredited, online colleges that offer laptops, online colleges mn, online, colleges kentucky, online colleges kansas, online colleges by cost, online colleges real estate, online colleges starting soon, online colleges engineering, online colleges in california, online colleges cheap, online colleges california, online colleges in alabama, online colleges courses, online colleges colorado, online colleges hiring adjunct faculty, online colleges with low tuition, online colleges texas, online colleges human services, online colleges georgia, online colleges degrees, online colleges uk, online colleges for psychology, online colleges florida, online colleges universities, online colleges for business, online colleges virginia, online colleges employment opportunities, online colleges with financial aid, online colleges business administration, online colleges start anytime, online colleges employment, online colleges louisiana, online colleges nj, online colleges prices, online colleges programs, online colleges missouri, online colleges nursing, online colleges las vegas, online colleges lpn, online colleges oklahoma, online colleges maineonline business degree, affordable accredited online colleges, credible online schools, online colleges for bachelor's degree, online accounting degree, top rated online schools, real online colleges, online colleges for nursing, online elementary education degree, get a college degree online, online college courses near me, good accredited online colleges, online college classes, great online colleges, best online college courses, highest accredited online colleges, accredited online colleges, regionally accredited online colleges, online masters in education, cheapest online college, best online colleges for associates degree, online only schools, online counseling degree, fully accredited online colleges, nationally accredited online schools, reputable online schools, best online it schools, all online schools, good online colleges, online education degree, online schools for education, online college schools, it university online accreditation, virginia college online, online college majors, online only colleges, schools that offer online classes, regionally accredited online schools, it schools online, online college options, accredited online college degrees, legitimate online degrees, great online universities, basic college courses online, regionally accredited online universities, list of online colleges, mba degree online, online teaching degree, a list of online colleges, affordable online colleges, best online college programs, accredited online community colleges, online bachelor degree programs accredited, best online schools for education, accredited online masters degrees, accredited online universities, online summer college courses, online college degree programs, top online it schools, taking online classes in college, individual online college courses accredited, colleges that offer online classes, nationally accredited online colleges, online it degree, online, college programs, best accredited online colleges, accredited bachelor degree online, credible online colleges, 5 week online college courses, online colleges universities, bachelor's degree in education online, find online college courses, online college courses for credit largest online colleges, local online colleges, college degree accreditation, earn a degree online, online school degree programs, list of accredited online colleges, affordable online schools, 4 year, online colleges, earn a bachelor's degree online, online college degrees, good online schools, public online colleges, best online colleges, online undergraduate schools, online college credits, online basic college classes, most accredited online colleges, online school university, online college courses, online 2 year colleges, paralegal degree online, college information, accredited online schools, online degree completion programs, highest rated online colleges, online community college, online degree classes, online school programs, fully accredited online universities, legit online colleges, best online colleges for education, non profit online schools, best online college degrees, top online colleges, reputable online colleges, online and campus colleges, online classes, top 10 accredited online colleges, affordable online degree programs, online college finder, navy college online, accredited online courses for college credit, online schools near me, top rated online colleges and universities, online graduate programs, top online college programs, online bachelor degree programs, cheap online schools, online aa degree, legitimate online colleges, online history degree, top ten online colleges, online finance degree, online christian colleges, online graduate degree programs, online master degree programs, online school classes, online community college classes, nursing degree online, accredited online degrees, accredited online masters programs, community colleges that offer online degrees, certified online colleges, accredited online education degree, going to college online, online college certificates, what's the best online college, online bs degree, accredited online technical colleges, online associates degree, online associate degree programs, online degree programs, best online bachelor degree programs accredited, online schools, community college online courses, number one online college, best online college degree programs, recommended online colleges, programs online colleges, online bachelor's degree, legitimate online schools, online doctoral programs, the best online colleges, clgonline, online university programs, online college reviews, best online schools, go to school online, online computer science degree, take college courses online, online journalism degree, online technical colleges, accredited online degree programs, respected online colleges, colleges, that offer online degrees, online medical degrees, online masters programs, top rated online colleges, 100 online degree programs, fast online degrees, credible online universities, accredited online bachelors degree, online electrical engineering degree, legit online degrees, best nationally accredited online colleges, accelerated online degrees, accredited online colleges and universities, online graduate degrees, doctorate degree online, best accredited online schools. Bitcoins and all you wish to have to Know about them Bitcoin has injected itself amongst many conversations about era, finance and the web and has come far from mysterious foreign money to widely identified medium of alternate. If you wish to have to discover about Bitcoin, listed below are solutions to few questions that may simply pop to your thoughts. Bitcoin Merchant Account,Bitcoin Merchant Services,Bitcoin Mining Cloud Computing,Buy Bitcoin Australia,Buy Stocks With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Mining Gpu,Software Mining Bitcoin,Buy Stock With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Stock Chart,How To Invest In Bitcoin Stock,Bitcoin Call Options,Buy Vpn With Bitcoin,Bitcoin Payment Gateway,Bitcoin Etf,Bitcoin Broker,Bitcoin Trading Account,Gpu Bitcoin Mining Software,Validate Bitcoin Address,Bitcoin Ransomware,Buy Rdp With Bitcoin. Buying Bitcoins Australia,Vps Hosting Bitcoin,Best Bitcoin Cloud Mining,Login To Bitcoin,Buying A Car With Bitcoins,Bitcoin Payment Processor,Domain Registration Bitcoin,Vps Server Bitcoin,Buy Bitcoins Australia,Bitcoin Social Network,Bitcoin Exchange Rate History Graph,Bitcoin Vc Funding,Investing In Bitcoin Stock,Bitcoin Automated Trading,How To Buy Bitcoin Stock,Transfer Bitcoin To Bank Account,Bitcoin Wallet App Android,Banks Accepting Bitcoin,Bitcoin Forex,Bitcoin Website Hosting,Bitcoin Market Crash,Bitcoin Forex Broker,Bitcoin Webhosting,Web Hosting Bitcoin, What is Bitcoin? Bitcoin is a kind of virtual foreign money, which is online-only choice type of foreign money. There isn’t any intermediary – that suggests no banks! The fundamental concept is that you’ll make bills with out third-party like the federal government or financial institution. With no central authority, two folks can transact freely any place on the earth, with out a charges or checking account. The concept at the back of Bitcoin is to take the facility out of palms of the federal government and central bankers, who regulate the glide. Do folks even use Bitcoin? Yes. Although Bitcoin is a brand new phenomenon, it’s rising speedy. Email we could us ship mails any place without spending a dime; Skype we could us name any place without spending a dime, now there’s Bitcoin. It means that you can ship cash any place on-line. Growing choice of companies are the use of Bitcoin, together with brick and mortar companies, on-line products and services akin to WordPress and Reddit. So a ways the skeptics are unsuitable in that Bitcoins can’t paintings: The fresh worth development obviously explains all of it. Bitcoins can be sooner or later followed in the similar approach the computer systems had been followed. Who created Bitcoin? No one is aware of evidently. Not conclusively. The concept was once advanced by means of Satoshi Nakamoto, who is living in entire anonymity. While the title sounds Japanese, the writer by no means supplied any more or less private element. He collaborated with folks via on-line boards however by no means met someone face-to-face. In 2010, he steadily diminished his involvement within the building of this virtual foreign money. However, many suppose that the title is simply the title of a gaggle of folks operating on it in combination. What is it about mining? You will have to have speculated the place Bitcoin comes from and will get into the transmission. The solution to that is that it will get mined into lifestyles. No one is equipped Bitcoin in step with se, you were given to earn them and just a little success too. There had been a large number of currencies which have been emerged within the years however this one has so much new era getting used. Consider bitcoin as a large ledger shared by means of all customers: When you are making transactions via bitcoin, it’s recorded at the ledger. Programs then compete to verify the transaction by means of cracking advanced equations. The winner is rewarded with extra bitcoins. 10-questions-to-ask-before-signing-up-an-online-college
Fakta-Fakta Soal Metan Hidrat, Harta Karun Migas Baru RI

Berita Viral dan TerUpdate

Friday

Fakta-Fakta Soal Metan Hidrat, Harta Karun Migas Baru RI

Fakta-Fakta Soal Metan Hidrat, Harta Karun Migas Baru RI

 

v


Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) Arifin Tasrif menyampaikan 'harta karun' baru di sektor minyak dan gas (migas) RI. Tak tanggung-tanggung, Arifin menyebut sumber daya 'harta karun' baru ini bisa diproduksi hingga 800 tahun lamanya.


'Harta karun' tersebut bernama metan hidrat atau gas hidrat. Namun sayangnya sampai saat ini migas non konvensional ini masih belum tersentuh.

Oleh karena itu, Arifin berharap agar ini bisa dikembangkan dan menjadi sumber alternatif baru untuk mendukung ketahanan energi nasional di masa mendatang.


"Kita harap ini bisa jadi sumber energi alternatif baru, ini mendukung ketahanan energi 800 tahun ke depan," ungkapnya dalam webinar, Selasa (08/06/2021).

Untuk mengenal seputar metan hidrat atau gas hidrat, berikut CNBC Indonesia rangkum fakta-faktanya:

Apa Itu Metan Hidrat?

Guru Besar Fakultas Teknik Pertambangan dan Perminyakan ITB Doddy Abdassah mengatakan metan hidrat adalah gas hidrat berbentuk kristal es di mana molekul air membentuk struktur seperti kurungan atau clathrate, sehingga memiliki rongga yang dapat terisi oleh molekul gas.

"Jadi ada kurungan molekul-molekul air, kemudian di tengahnya menjebak molekul hidrokarbon bisa metana, C2, C3 ada juga CO2," paparnya dalam webinar secara daring, Selasa (09/05/2021).

Gas hidrat ini menurutnya sering disebut dengan 'Fire Ice' karena bentuknya seperti es, namun bisa terbakar.

"Gas Hidrat sering juga disebut sebagai 'Fire Ice'," ujarnya.

Berapa Besar Potensi Metan Hidrat?


Doddy mengatakan, sebagai perbandingan, deposit gas alam mencapai 13.000 triliun kaki kubik (TCF). Sementara deposit gas hidrat di darat saja mencapai 5.000 - 12.000.000 TCF dan di bawah laut 30.000 - 49.000.000 TCF.

Lebih lanjut dia menjelaskan gas hidrat adalah sumber daya hidrokarbon non konvensional terbesar di bumi dan diperkirakan 50% deposit hidrokarbon tersimpan dalam bentuk gas hidrat.

Di Mana Saja Lokasi Sumber Gasnya?

Mengenai sumber gas, Dirjen Migas Kementerian ESDM Tutuka Ariadji mengatakan, potensi gas hidrat ada di pinggir-pinggir benua, baik di Eropa, Afrika, Amerika Utara dan Selatan.

Berdasarkan data Badan Litbang ESDM, dua area diketahui menjadi tempat akumulasi gas hidrat itu yaitu area permafrost di sekitar Kutub Utara dan sea beds di laut dalam.

Namun demikian, Tutuka mengatakan, Indonesia juga punya potensi gas hidrat ini.

Berdasarkan survei di awal tahun 2004, Indonesia berhasil menemukan sumber daya metan hidrat sebesar 850 TCF. Berada di dua lokasi utama yaitu perairan Selatan Sumatera sampai ke arah Barat Laut Jawa (625 TCF) dan di Selat Makassar Sulawesi (233,2 TCF).

Berdasarkan data Balitbang ESDM, PT Pertamina (Persero) bahkan memperkirakan potensi gas hidrat di Indonesia mencapai 3.000 TCF. Namun, besaran nilai ini masih sering diperdebatkan karena belum ada penelitian komprehensif terkait gas hidrat di Indonesia.

Merujuk kepada peta topografi dasar laut Indonesia, banyak sea beds pada area laut dalam Indonesia diperkirakan memiliki akumulasi gas hidrat dengan nilai volumetrik yang sangat besar.

Analisis berdasarkan data seismik menunjukkan bahwa gas hidrat tersebar di daerah lepas pantai Simeuleu, Palung Mentawai, Selat Sunda, Busur Depan Jawa, Lombok Utara, Selat Makassar, Laut Sulawesi, Aru, Misool, Kumawa, Wigeo, Wokam dan Salawati. Daerah lain yang dianggap memiliki potensi gas hidrat adalah Laut Flores, Teluk Bone, Laut Sawu, Laut Timor, lepas pantai selatan Banggai, Laut Banda, Laut Seram, Laut Maluku, dan lepas pantai utara Papua. 


Adakah Negara yang Produksi Gas Hidrat Ini?

Mengenai hal ini, Doddy menjelaskan jika gas hidrat ini sudah mature. Penelitian terkait gas hidrat ini sudah dilakukan sejak lama dan sudah siap diproduksikan.

Proyek uji coba (pilot test) pernah dilakukan oleh Jepang.

"Ada ada pilot test produksi gas hidrat di Nankai Trough Jepang," ujarnya.

Selain Jepang, berdasarkan data Balitbang ESDM, uji coba juga pernah dilakukan di sejumlah negara seperti China, Korea, India, Kanada, Amerika Serikat, dan Rusia.

Sejauh ini mekanisme yang digunakan dalam uji coba produksi tersebut adalah depressurization, stimulasi panas dan injeksi inhibitor.


Apa Saja Tantangannya?

Tutuka mengatakan, masih barunya gas hidrat ini, sehingga masih memiliki sejumlah tantangan untuk pengembangannya, antara lain:

1. Masih minimnya penelitian terkait gas hidrat ini. Oleh karena itu, penelitian terkait metan hidrat harus terus digalakkan di negara ini, apalagi Indonesia memiliki banyak perairan dan kaya akan metan hidrat.

2. Membiarkan metan hidrat tetap berada di dasar laut berpotensi lepasnya metan ke atmosfer dalam jumlah signifikan saat terjadi kenaikan suhu air atau atmosfir.

Hal tersebut dapat berakibat pada efek pemanasan global yang ekstrem mengingat efek rumah kaca yang ditimbulkan metan adalah 25 kali
lebih kuat daripada CO2.

3. Walaupun sumber daya metan hidrat sangat besar, terdapat tantangan besar dalam pengusahaan metan hidrat yaitu cara untuk memproduksikan metan hidrat. Belum ada teknologi yang bisa menghasilkan metan hidrat secara komersial.

4. Operasional berisiko tinggi, mahal dan tidak stabilnya gas pada tekanan dan suhu permukaan laut membuat tantangan eksplorasi serta produksi metan hidrat lepas pantai menjadi sangat besar.

5. Riset yang komprehensif dan terintegrasi diperlukan dalam pengembangan metan hidrat sebagai landasan regulasi baru atau melengkapi regulasi yang sudah ada.

https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/

Share on Facebook
Share on Twitter
Share on Google+
Tags :

Related : Fakta-Fakta Soal Metan Hidrat, Harta Karun Migas Baru RI